Visit Hungary

Hungary is situated in the heart of Europe and it covers an area of 93,000 square kilometres. It has a population of 10.3 million inhabitants and has been a republic since October 23, 1989, when it adopted a new constitution.

To the west, Hungary borders Austria; to the south, Slovenia, Croatia and Serbia; to the east, Romania and the Ukraine; to the north, the Slovak Republic.

Most of the country is flat – two-thirds consists of the vast expanses of the Great and SmallHungarian Plains. The hills in the western part of the country lead to the Alps, while higher hills lying to the northeast are part of the Carpathian Alps. The biggest river is the Danube, which extends 470 kilometres in Hungary. The highest point in Hungary is a peak in the Mátra Mountains called Kékestető, 1015 metres above sea level. Lake Balaton is the largest lake in Central Europe, and its surface is almost 600 square kilometres. It is a popular holiday resort with Hungarians and other Europeans alike.

The climate of Hungary is temperate, with distinct seasons. The temperature in Hungary may rise above 30 degrees Celsius in summer, while in winter it may fall as low as –20 degrees Celsius.

 

The capital of Hungary is Budapest, with around 2 million inhabitants: it is the political, economic, commercial and cultural centre of the country. It is also one of he most important railway junctions in Europe. It lies on the two banks of the River Danube. Buda and Pest were two towns before 1873 when the two parts of the city and Óbuda were officially united.

Other major cities include Székesfehérvár, Miskolc, Debrecen, Szeged, Pécs, where the industry is highly developed and also well-known universities, colleges attract a lot of students.

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